英語で読むデザイン6 インドのアッサム地方の誇り『Bodo Weave』
Bodo weave is a traditional weave that belongs to the North East region of India – Assam. Bodo weavers are tribal weavers and form the largest indigenous community of Assam. They use both throw shuttle looms and loin looms to weave beauty onto gorgeous silk and cotton fabrics. The speciality of this weave is that it has one extra warp compared to other weaves that follow a standard warp and weft pattern.
Small Bodo houses dot Assam and almost all of them have a small handloom called taatxaal in the courtyard. One can hear the rhythmic click-clack of the looms as one passes by these houses. The Bodo women are expert weavers with an inborn artistic sensibility and deft hand movements.
The motifs used by these Bodo weavers are inspired by nature – water hyacinth, spinach flower, tortoise, mountains, peacocks, geometric flowers and more. The most popular design is called Kinkhaap. It is believed to be existing since ancient time and has two front facing lions.
Silk and cotton are fabrics used to create Mekhela chadors (traditional outfit worn by the Assamese women), saris, wrap around skirts shawls, gamochas (scarves worn by men).
The crisp, bright, golden muga silk is exclusive to Assam and is often draped by dancers during Bihu (traditional dance form of Assam). The finery of the skilled weavers is incredible. The colors are splendid with deep reds, bright blues and soft pastels being used to create a kaleidoscope of colors while weaving.
This traditional weaving opportunity is creating livelihood for the poor Assamese women and empowering them and their families. They are able to buy food, pay education loans and better their living standards. More and more designers across the world are appreciating the beauty of this weave and using it in their garments, home linens and more.