私家版 TOEFLの英文法25

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記事

0. はじめに

「私家版 TOEFLの英文法25」は、これを読んで、英文法を一から勉強するという性質のものではない。むしろ、おおよそ英文法を学んでいる方が(でなけれ…

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1. 主語と動詞の一致

例題 Only five percent of the candidates (meets / meet) the standards of the statewide test. (州の試験の基準を満たしている候補者は5%にすぎ…

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2. 主語と動詞の一致(倒置)

例題 Inside the vacuum tube (is / are) two electrodes, an anode and a cathode. (真空管の中にあるのが、2本の電極で、陽極と陰極である。) 論点…

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3. 現在完了形と過去形

例題 Lungfish, now considered to be among the most primitive living fishes, (were / have been) discovered as recently as 1879 just off the coa…

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4. 過去形と過去完了形

例題 Mrs. Doughty, whose youngest son (graduated / had graduated) from college nearly a decade earlier, had a problem with her empty house and…

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5. 時制の一致

例題 The history teacher told us last month that we (will / would) go on a field trip sometime soon. (歴史の先生は先月私たちに、そろそろフィ…

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6. 時制の一致の例外としての仮定法現在

例題 At that time, the boss suggested that I (am / would be / be) present at the meeting. (そのとき、上司は、わたしが会議に出席することを提案…

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7. 仮定法

例題(正しい形にしてください。) Perhaps the history of Central America represents what (happen) to the Egyptian civilization had it not been …

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8. 代名詞oneとthat

例題 There are many ways to rank universities, but (one / that) that’s rarely considered is how many of their graduates make extraordinary co…

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9. 代名詞 anotherとthe other

例題 Silver is too soft to use by itself, so it is mixed with (another / the other ) metal. (銀はそれ自体で使うには柔らかすぎるので、別の金属…

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